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Because I was interested in how the representation of individual families changed over the years and also how the "departure" of the Turkmen population was manifested, I created a table with an overview of the families.

In addition to the basic data for each founder (name, colour, date of birth, sire, dam), each family has the number of mares registered as breeding mares for the first time in the 6th studbook (actually it is 4. Volume 4 of the Stud Book, the Akhalteke PK starts with Stud Book 3) + percentage in the maternal population, then in the 9th Stud Book (the last volume in which the Turkmen AT population is completely included) and finally in the 11th volume of the PK (the last volume published). In the last column, the families whose representatives are actively used in breeding in the Czech Republic are marked with a cross. In the notes marked with *, alternative names of families that can be found in the older literature or new ones are given (e.g. the Kepderi family is marked with the name of the mother Temri in the 11th volume of PK, etc.). For the 647 Egoza family (Egoza is the mother of the founder of the 828 Fakirpelvan line), which no longer exists today, I have included in the notes the last representative of this family, namely 2053 Seilchi appearing in the 8th volume of studbook.

"The hand that rocks the cradle rules the world"

Almost every breeder will tell you that a quality mare is the foundation of breeding. Yet the role of mares has often been overlooked (not only in Akhal Teke breed) and more importance has traditionally been given to stallions. From one point of view this is understandable - a stallion can produce several times more offspring in his lifetime than a mare. In this respect, the Akhalteke world is more specific in that unless a stallion has the backing of a strong studfarm with a sufficient number of mares, he rarely gets the chance to sire more than one or two dozen offspring, and often less in Europe. This makes the mare all the more important.

„Maternal strength is the pathway to success."

                              -Ken McLean-

In theory, the offspring receives 50% of the genetic material from each of its parents. Yet there is something quite specific, something extra that only the mare is able to pass on, and that is mtDNA (mitochondrial DNA).

MtDNA is found in the mitochondria, which are part of every cell (tens of thousands of them are found in cells) and serve as factories for the production of energy in the form of ATP. No organ could function smoothly without a constant supply of energy. Simply put, the better the mitochondria work, the more vital and efficient horse we have. Even within the Akhal Teke population, we can observe some families that consistently produce more efficient horses than others.

Today there are already many breeding theories (supported or unsupported) that point to a correlation between mare (family) and performance (Rasmussen factor, X-heart factor), or other traits and abilities linked to the family (a study on Holsteiner horses confirmed that some families pass on abilities for dressage, others for jumping).

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