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In simple terms, we can say that the lines are a kind of "micro-breeds" within a given breed. Usually there are several lines that have their typical traits, e.g. in riding horses dressage or jumping disposition, in racehorses flying or endurance abilities, or character traits, constitutional traits, etc. In breeding, as a rule, a breeding line ceases after 4-7 generations, when new lines are created. Line breeding is used in breeding to increase the hereditary stability of desirable traits, it is a higher form of purebred breeding.

Within the Akhal Teke breed today there are 19 lines that trace back to three stallions in the paternal line - Kutly Sakar, Chopar Kel and the English Thoroughbred Fortingbrass. The highest representation of lines going to Kutly Sakar is over 97% (according to the 2017 Yearbook).

Kutly Sakar is the great-grandfather of the stallions 2a Boinou and Sultan Guli, and thus there are sixteen current lines going to him in the male line.

The Dor Bairam and Ak Sakal lines (according to some sources, Ak Sakal is a separate line) go to the Chopar Kel stallion, and the Ak Belek line is derived from the thoroughbred Fortingrass.

Struktura linii.jpg

2a Boinou


The golden buckskin Boinou (known also as Buyun), great-grandson of Kutly Sakar, grandson of Karamchi, was born in 1885 by the stallion Leljaning Chepi. According to surviving memories, he was a very noble stallion, with a long slender neck, long well-muscled withers, straight back, strong broad croup and correct, dry legs. The head was light, dry, noble, the movement was flat, gliding, resembling that of a snake.

Boinou was born into a time when, unlike his ancestors, he could no longer take part in alamanas, but he gained fame in horse racing - he did not give his rivals the slightest chance. He was equally triumphant in breeding, and his descendants followed in his footsteps - sons Mele Kush and Mele Chep, grandsons Baba Akhun and Dovlet Ishan, and great-grandson Bek Nazar Al.

In 1900, already an established sire, he was purchased by the Transkaspian Studfarm, where he continued his stellar career. .

Boinou died on November 7, 1908.

There is not an Akhalteke horse in the world today in whose pedigree his name does not appear many times. In direct paternal line aim to him  today's lines of Mele Kush, Sere, Arab, Kir Sakar, Kaplan, Toporbai, Karlavac, El, Sovchoz 2, Everdy Teleke, Skak, Peren and Posman.

Sultan Guli


Sultan Guli has a common grandfather with Boinou, the stallion Kutly Sakar.

While in the 3rd volume of the studbook the line occupied a little over 12%, currently the lines derived from Sultan Guli (Gelishikli, Gundogar, Fakirpelvan) represent approximately 33% of the Akhalteke population.

According to the information in studbook 3, the representatives of the line were taller, stronger in skeleton, but less pronounced in type than the descendants of Boinou.

The only continuator was the great-grandson of Sultan Guli, a sire of the Dzhambul stud (Kazakhstan) dark bay 220 Sluchai (Komek Cherkez Li-Ava Kuli), born 1923. In the 3rd studbook he is described as 'a slightly cow-hocked stallions, otherwise faultless, but lacking the peculiar beauty that the descendants of Mele Kush, Toporbai and Everdy Teleke possess'.

Of the sons of Sluchaj, only one, 629 Fakir Sulu, made it in the breeding. The others (323 Baskak, 429 Kara Sur, , Kenes) with the exception of 454 Kospeli, who put the excellent 675 Aksakal on the track, but who died prematurely) failed as sire producers and their names were moved to the maternal parts of the pedigrees.

629 Fakir Sulu (220 Sluchai-420 Firjuza 49), a bay, inbred II x IV to Bek Nazar Al, was born in 1935 at the Djambul studfarm. As a two-year-old he made three starts on the track in Almaty, worked as a sire for eight years in his native stud and then for six years in the Ashgabat stud. According to the description in the 5th studbook, he was "a relatively tall, spectacular stallion, clearly expressed basic type, but of fine constitution and with weaker fertility. He often produced offspring of weaker constitution, sometimes with serious defects and congenital defects: blindness in both eyes, crooked limbs, missing forelegs, underbite. Among his offspring, however, there were also excellent elite stallions of distinctive type such as 790 Safjan and 697 Gelishikli". 790 Safjan (out of Simbilik), a bay, born in 1944, became the sire of the Champion of the breed 1324 Saga. 697 Gelishikli established his own line, as did another of Fakir Sulu's son, 828 Fakirpelvan.


2a Boinou


220 Slučaj

Fakir Sulu1.jpg

629 Fakir Sulu

Chopar Kel


Of the four sons of Chopar Kel, only one, Kurt Bai grey, finally made it in the breeding. Before he was sold to Iran, he managed to produce five sons, including Ak Sakal (sire of the founder of line 13 Ak Sakal) and Kurt Bai Black (sire of the founder of line 85 Dor Bairam).

Fortingbrass A1/1


The English Thoroughbred Fortingbrass (out of Smugljanka), black, was born in 1895 in stud of I. M. Ilenko, i.e. like his sire, the very successful Fogabal (Fontenoy-Raketa), bay, born 1880 (Fogabal started as a 2-4 year old 33 times, finished first or second 23 times and repeatedly led the sire ranking. Among his successful offspring are the 1889 Derby winner Slavjanofilka, the true siblings Fortingbrasse Korfu and Sansara, etc.). Fortingbrasse's fate took him to the  Trans-Kaspian studfarm, where there were other English Thoroughbreds participating in the "improvement of the Akhalteke breed" - Burlak, Galachad, Bon-Page, Trokadero, Akonit, Makao, Podkhorozhny, Vakh, Doloman, Junak. Apart from Fortingbrass, Burlak and Galachad were used more widely.

Towards Fortingbrass goes the present Ak Belek line, founded by the grey stallion 9 Ak Belek (Ata Khojanok the Younger - Chotcha Kor), his great-grandson.





A now-destinct line that developed in its time through the black, 3a Voron, also known as Bacharden-Kara, born 1898.

Voron worked for many years at the Transkaspian studfarm, to which he was purchased in 1902 and last mentioned in 1918. Voron won a premium at the Tashkent exhibition. According to archival materials and literature, he was a strong stallion, with good bones and height of 160 cm. Of his sons, Kara Kunon I (Movljan Baj-Baba Oraz) was the most successful in breeding, carrying 1/4 of English Thoroughbred blood from his dam's side. Kara Kunon was successful on the racetrack, but was only active within the breed for five years, and in 1926 he and most of his offspring were sold to the North Caucasus, with only a few daughters remaining in the Ashgabat and Djambul studfarm.

3a Voron.jpg

3a Voron



Another of the extinct lines was founded by the dark chestnut Gecheli, presented at the Kiev exhibition 1913, successful on the track at stayer´s distances. This tall (164 cm KVH), powerful stallion of correct conformation worked in the Transkaspian studfarm, and his sons Ata-Mulla, Khoja-Muhamed Urtyev and Bek Durdy Klych continued the breeding, with only the first of them being successful. Ata-Mulla, a chestnut stallion, born in 1915, was tall (165 cm ), strong-boned (21,5 cm) and worked as a sire in Ashgabat and Dzhambul studs, from where he was subsequently transferred to Merken stud, where he was fatally injured.



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